Carl Wilhelm Scheele
I rediscovered the great scientist Carl Scheele, a contemporary of Lavoisier, during a trip that I made in Sweden, and in particular in Stockholm. It is first necessary to say a few words about the village of Skansen. Stockholm is a beautiful city built on many islands, one of which, known as Kungliga Djurgarden (Royal Garden), the early nineteenth there were only hills and plants .
The initiative of Artur Hazelius
During the first decade of the nineteenth century a wealthy merchant John Burgman built to Kungliga Djurgarden a belvedere with a magnificent garden. The properties of this Tycoon was called Skansen, as it was near a small fort (skans = small Fortress). The property included more than four acres of land ; in 1891 they passed into the hands of Artur Hazelius. It is due to this extraordinary personage the birth in 1891 the first open-air museum in the world. For nearly twenty years had turned the length and breadth of the Swedish countryside collecting folk costumes, furnishings, furniture and equipment of the old peasant culture and the various trades .